:: RANCANGAN MALAYSIA KE TUJUH (1996-2000) ::
BAB 24 : GLOSARI AKRONIM

: GLOSARI AKRONIM


GLOSARI AKRONIM

ADB = Asian Development Bank
(Bank Pembangunan Asia)

AFTA = ASEAN Free Trade Area
(Kawasan Perdagangan Bebas ASEAN)

AICS = Advanced Immigration Clearance System
(Sistem Pemeriksaan Lebih Awal Imigresen)

AIDS = Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(Sindrom Kekurangan Daya Tahan Penyakit)

AIJV = ASEAN Industrial Joint Venture
(Usahasama Perindustrian ASEAN)

AIM = Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia

AIP = ASEAN Industrial Project
(Projek Perindustrian ASEAN)

AKMAL = Akademi Kastam Diraja Malaysia

ALAM = Akademi Laut Malaysia

APEC = Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
(Kerjasama Ekonomi Asia Pasifik)

APM = Automatic Pricing Mechanism
(Mekanisma Harga Automatik)

ASB = Amanah Saham Bumiputera

ASB-PPRT = Amanah Saham Bumiputera-Program Pembangunan
Rakyat Termiskin

ASEAN = Association of South-East Asian Nations
(Pertubuhan Negara-negara Asia Tenggara)

ASN = Amanah Saham Nasional

ATM = Automatic Teller Machine
(Mesin Teler Automatik)

BATC = Business and Advanced Technology Centre
(Pusat Perniagaan Teknologi Termaju)

BBC = Brand-to-Brand Complementation

BCSDM = Business Council for Sustainable Development Malaysia
(Majlis Perniagaan Malaysia bagi Pembangunan Mampan)

BERNAMA = Pertubuhan Berita Nasional Malaysia

BERNAS = Padi Beras Nasional Berhad

BIF = Business Investment Forum
(Forum Pelaburan Perniagaan)

BIMB = Bank Industri Malaysia Berhad

BIMP-EAGA = Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-the Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area
(Kawasan Pertumbuhan ASEAN Timur Brunei Darussalam-
Indonesia-Malaysia-Filipina)

BLR = Base Lending Rate
(Kadar Pinjaman Asas)

BMITA = British-Malaysia Industry and Trade Association
(Pertubuhan Perdagangan dan Industri British-Malaysia)

BMK = Bina-Milik-Kendali

BOD = Biochemical Oxygen Demand
(Keperluan Oksigen Biokimia)

BOT = Build-Operate-Transfer
(Bina-Kendali-Pindah)

BP = Bina-Pindah

BPA = Bilateral Payment Arrangement
(Peraturan Pembayaran Dua Hala)

BPM = Bank Pertanian Malaysia

BPMB = Bank Pembangunan Malaysia Berhad

BSKL = Bursa Saham Kuala Lumpur

BSN = Bank Simpanan Nasional

CAD = Computer-aided Design
(Reka Bentuk Berbantukan Komputer)

CAE = Computer-aided Engineering
(Kejuruteraaan Berbantukan Komputer)

CAM = Computer-aided Manufacturing
(Pembuatan Berbantukan Komputer)

CD-ROM = Compact Disk-Read Only Memory

CDS = Central Depository System
(Sistem Depositori Pusat)

CEPT = Common Effective Preferential Tariff
(Keistimewaan Tarif Berkesan yang Seragam)

CFC = Chloroflourocarbon
(Kloroflorokarbon)

CFTC = Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation
(Tabung Komanwel bagi Kerjasama Teknik)

CGC = Credit Guarantee Corporation
(Syarikat Jaminan Kredit)

CIAST = Centre for Instructor and Advanced Skill Training
(Pusat Latihan Pengajar dan Kemahiran Lanjutan)

c.i.f. = cost, insurance and freight
(kos, insurans dan tambang)

CPTM = Commonwealth Partnership for Technology Management
(Gabungan Komanwel bagi Pengurusan Teknologi)

CSD = Commission on Sustainable Development
(Suruhanjaya Pembangunan Mampan)

CSL = Civil Service Link
(Talian Perkhidmatan Awam)

CT = Computerized Tomography
(Tomografi Berkomputer)

DARA = Development Authority of Pahang Tenggara
(Lembaga Kemajuan Pahang Tenggara)

DEB = Dasar Ekonomi Baru

DIF = Domestic Investment Fund
(Dana Pelaburan Domestik)

DII = Domestic Investment Initiative
(Inisiatif Pelaburan Domestik)

DJ = Densiti Jalan

DPN = Dasar Pembangunan Nasional

DPNR = Deproteinized Natural Rubber
(Getah Asli Nyahprotein)

DTN = Dasar Telekomunikasi Negara

dwt = deadweight tonnes
(tan berat muatan)

EAEC = East Asia Economic Caucus
(Perundingan Ekonomi Asia Timur)

ECOSOC = Economic and Social Council
(Majlis Ekonomi dan Sosial)

ECR = Export Credit Refinancing Scheme
(Skim Pembiayaan Kredit Eksport)

EDI = Electronic Data Interchange
(Pertukaran Data Elektronik)

EDIFACT = EDI for Administration, Commerce and Transport
(Pertukaran Data Elektronik untuk Pentadbiran, Perdagangan dan Pengangkutan)

EIA = Environmental Impact Assessment
(Penilaian Kesan kepada Alam Sekeliling)

EINEP = Exchange of Information on National Economic Policies
(Pertukaran Maklumat mengenai Dasar Ekonomi Negara)

EMIS = Education Management Information System
(Sistem Maklumat Pengurusan Pendidikan)

EMU = Electric Multiple Unit
(Unit Kereta Api Elektrik)

ERL = Express Rail Link
(Hubungan Kereta Api Ekspres)

f.o.b. = free on board
(percuma di atas kapal)

FAMA = Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority
(Lembaga Pemasaran Pertanian Persekutuan)

FCCC = Framework Convention on Climate Change
(Konvensyen Rangkakerja Perubahan Iklim)

FDI = Foreign Direct Investment
(Pelaburan Langsung Asing)

FDP = Franchise Development Programme
(Program Pembangunan Francais)

FELCRA = Federal Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Authority
(Lembaga Penyatuan dan Pemulihan Tanah Persekutuan)

FELDA = Federal Land Development Authority
(Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan)

FIC = Foreign Investment Committee
(Jawatankuasa Pelaburan Asing)

FINAS = Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem Nasional

FMM = Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers
(Persekutuan Pekilang-Pekilang Malaysia)

FRIM = Forest Research Institute of Malaysia
(Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia)

FTZ = Free Trade Zone
(Zon Perdagangan Bebas)

G-15 = Group of 15
(Kumpulan 15)

G-77 = Group of 77
(Kumpulan 77)

GAB = Getah Asap Berbunga

GATS = General Agreement on Trade in Services
(Perjanjian Am Mengenai Perdagangan Dalam
Perkhidmatan)

GATT = General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(Perjanjian Am Mengenai Tarif dan Perdagangan)

GIS = Geographic Information System
(Sistem Maklumat Geografi)

GITN = Government Integrated Telecommunications Network
(Rangkaian Telekomunikasi Bersepadu Kerajaan)

GJ = Gigajoules

GMI = German-Malaysian Institute
(Institut Jerman-Malaysia)

GMM = Getah Mutu Malaysia

GMVB = Global Maritime Ventures Berhad

GPP = Gas Processing Plant
(Loji Memproses Gas)

GSO = Grid System Operator
(Pengendali Sistem Grid)

GTC = General Trading Companies
(Syarikat Perdagangan Am)

GWj = Gigawatt sejam

HAWA = Bahagian Hal Ehwal Wanita

HAZMAT = Hazardous Material Team
(Pasukan Penyelamat Bahan-Bahan Berbahaya)

HICOM = Heavy Industries Corporation of Malaysia
(Perbadanan Perusahaan Berat Malaysia)

HRDF = Human Resources Development Fund
(Kumpulan Wang Pembangunan Sumber Manusia)

HTUS = Hubungan Tengah Utara-Selatan

IAB = Institut Aminuddin Baki

IADP = Integrated Agricultural Development Project
(Projek Pembangunan Pertanian Bersepadu)

IAF = Industrial Adjustment Fund
(Tabung Penyesuaian Perindustrian)

ICA = Industrial Coordination Act
(Akta Penyelarasan Perindustrian)

ICD = Inland Container Depot
(Depo Kontena Daratan)

IDB = Islamic Development Bank
(Bank Pembangunan Islam)

IDB = Instrumen Deposit Boleh Niaga

IDHL = Institut Diplomasi dan Hubungan Luar Negeri

IGA = Investment Guarantee Agreement
(Perjanjian Jaminan Pelaburan)

IHP = Indeks Harga Pengguna

IJN = Institut Jantung Negara

IKIM = Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia

IKRAM = Institut Kerja Raya Malaysia

IKS = Industri Kecil dan Sederhana

ILKAP = Institut Latihan Kehakiman dan Perundangan

IMP = Industrial Master Plan
(Pelan Induk Perindustrian)

IMR = Institute of Medical Research
(Institut Penyelidikan Perubatan)

IMS-GT = Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore Growth Triangle
(Pertumbuhan Segitiga Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapura)

IMT-GT = Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle
(Pertumbuhan Segitiga Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand)

INSPEN = Institut Penilaian Negara

INTAN = Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara

IOFC = International Offshore Financial Centre
(Pusat Kewangan Luar Pesisir Antarabangsa)

IPC = Infrastructure Project Companies
(Syarikat Projek Infrastruktur)

IPJ = Indeks Pembangunan Jalan

IPP = Independent Power Producer
(Penjanakuasa Elektrik Persendirian)

IRPA = Intensification of Research in Priority Areas
(Penumpuan Penyelidikan Dalam Bidang-bidang Keutamaan)

ISO = International Standard Organization
(Pertubuhan Standard Antarabangsa)

IT = Information Technology
(Teknologi Maklumat)

ITAF = Industrial Technical Assistance Fund
(Tabung Bantuan Teknikal Perindustrian)

ITM = Institut Teknologi MARA

ITTO = International Tropical Timber Organization
(Organisasi Kayu Tropika Antarabangsa)

IYEP = International Youth Exchange Programme
(Program Pertukaran Belia Antarabnagsa)

JARING = Joint Advanced Research Integrated Networking
(Rangkaian Bersama bagi Penyelidikan Maju yang
Bersepadu)

JAS = Jabatan Alam Sekitar

JBEG = Jabatan Bekalan Elektrik dan Gas

JDA = Joint Development Area
(Kawasan Pembangunan Bersama)

JI = Joint Implementation
(Pelaksanaan Bersama)

JKPS = Juta Kaki Padu Sehari

jlh = juta liter sehari

JMTI = Japan-Malaysia Technical Institute
(Institut Teknikal Japan-Malaysia)

JPLH = Jemaah Pemasaran Lada Hitam

JSP-KB = Jalan Simpang Pulai-Lojing-Kuala Berang

KDNK = Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar

KEDA = Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah Kedah

KEJORA = Lembaga Kemajuan Johor Tenggara

KEMAS = Bahagian Kemajuan Masyarakat, Kementerian
Pembangunan Luar Bandar

KESEDAR = Lembaga Kemajuan Kelantan Selatan

KETENGAH = Lembaga Kemajuan Terengganu Tengah

KHTP = Kulim Hi-Tech Park
(Taman Perindustrian Hi-Tech Kulim)

KLCC = Kuala Lumpur City Centre
(Pusat Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur)

KLIA = Kuala Lumpur International Airport
(Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur)

KLOFFE = Kuala Lumpur Options and Financial Futures Exchange
(Bursa Niaga Hadapan, Opsyen dan Kewangan Kuala Lumpur)

Km-Litaran = Kilometer Litaran

KMK = Kumpulan Meningkatkan Mutu Kerja

KNK = Keluaran Negara Kasar

KPD = Korporasi Pembangunan Desa

KPM = Kos Penjimatan Masa

KTAR = Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman

KTMB = Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad

kV = Kilovolt

kW = Kilowatt

kWj = Kilowatt jam

KWPSM = Kumpulan Wang Pembangunan Sumber Manusia

KWSP = Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja

LENR = Liquid Epoxidized Natural Rubber
(Getah Asli Terepoksida Cecair)

LIMA = Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace
(Pameran Maritim dan Aerospace Antarabangsa Langkawi)

LKIM = Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan Malaysia

LKM = Lembaga Koko Malaysia

LKTNS = Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Negeri Sarawak

LKW = Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah

LKWJ = Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah Jengka

LLS = Lembaga Letrik Sabah

LNG = Liquefied Natural Gas
(Gas Asli Cecair)

LNR = Liquid Natural Rubber
(Getah Asli Cecair)

LPG = Liquefied Petroleum Gas
(Gas Petroleum Cecair)

LPN = Lembaga Padi dan Beras Negara

LPNM = Lembaga Perindustrian Nanas Malaysia

LPP = Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang

LRT = Light Rail Transit
(Rel Transit Ringan)

LSA = Lebuhraya Shah Alam

LTAT = Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera

LTB = Lebuhraya Timur-Barat

LTGS = Lembaga Tabung Getah Sabah

LTH = Lembaga Tabung Haji

LTN = Lembaga Tembakau Negara

MAC = Malaysian Accreditation Council
(Majlis Akreditasi Malaysia)

MacNet = Malaysia Cargo Network
(Rangkaian Kargo Malaysia)

MACRES = Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing
(Pusat Remote Sensing Negara)

MAH = Malaysian Association of Hotels
(Persatuan Hotel Malaysia)

MARA = Majlis Amanah Rakyat

MARDI = Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute
(Institut Penyelidikan dan Kemajuan Pertanian Malaysia)

MARS = Multi Access Radio System
(Sistem Radio Multi Akses)

MAS = Malaysia Airlines
(Penerbangan Malaysia)

MASSA = Malaysia South-South Association
(Persatuan Selatan-Selatan Malaysia)

MASSCORP = Malaysian South-South Corporation Berhad
(Perbadanan Selatan-Selatan Malaysia Berhad)

MASTIC = Malaysian Science and Technology Information Centre
(Pusat Maklumat Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia)

MATRADE = Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation
(Perbadanan Pembangunan Perdagangan Luar Malaysia)

MATTA = Malaysian Association of Tour and Travel Agents
(Persatuan Agensi Pelancongan dan Pengembaraan
Malaysia)

MBC = Malaysian Business Council
(Majlis Perdagangan Malaysia)

MBO = Management-Buy-Out
(Pembelian Syarikat oleh Pengurusan)

MBS = Modified Budgeting System
(Sistem Belanjawan Yang Diubahsuai)

MDS = Middle Distillate Synthesis

MEASAT = Malaysia East Asia Satellite
(Satelit Asia Timur Malaysia)

MFI = Malaysia France Institute
(Institut Malaysia Perancis)

MFO = Medium Fuel Oil
(Bahan Bakar Sederhana)

MICE = Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions
(Mesyuarat, Insentif, Konvensyen dan Pameran)

MIDF = Malaysian Industrial Development Finance Berhad
(Syarikat Permodalan Kemajuan Perusahaan Malaysia Berhad)

MIEL = Malaysian Industrial Estate Sendirian Berhad

MIGHT = Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High
Technology
(Kumpulan Industri-Kerajaan untuk Teknologi Tinggi Malaysia)

MIIL = Malaysian-Re International Insurance (L) Limited

MIM = Malaysian Institute of Management
(Institut Pengurusan Malaysia)

MIMOS = Malaysian Institute of Microelectronics System
(Institut Sistem Mikroelektronik Malaysia)

MINT = Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research
(Institut Penyelidikan Teknologi Nuklear Malaysia)

MISC = Malaysia International Shipping Corporation Berhad
(Perbadanan Perkapalan Antarabangsa Malaysia Berhad)

MITI = Ministry of International Trade and Industry
(Kementerian Perdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri)

MME = Malaysian Monetary Exchange
(Bursa Kewangan Malaysia)

MNC = Multinational Corporation
(Syarikat Multinasional)

MOU = Memorandum of Understanding
(Memorandum Persefahaman)

MPKSN = Majlis Penyelidikan dan Kemajuan Sains Negara

MPN = Majlis Pembangunan Negara

MPOPC = Malaysian Palm Oil Promotion Council
(Majlis Promosi Minyak Sawit Malaysia)

mppa = million passengers per annum
(juta penumpang setahun)

MPPB = Masyarakat Perdagangan dan Perindustrian Bumiputera

MPSM = Majlis Pembangunan Sumber Manusia

MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRRDB = Malaysian Rubber Research and Development Board
(Lembaga Penyelidikan dan Kemajuan Getah Malaysia)

MSBN = Majlis Sistem Bayaran Nasional

MSC = Multimedia Super Corridor
(Koridor Raya Multimedia)

MSN = Majlis Sukan Negara

MTBE = Methyl-tertiary-butyl-ether

MTDC = Malaysian Technology Development Corporation
(Perbadanan Pembangunan Teknologi Malaysia)

MTIB = Malaysian Timber Industry Board
(Lembaga Perindustrian Kayu Malaysia)

MTMK = Majlis Teknologi Maklumat Kebangsaan

MW = Megawatt

NACIWID = National Advisory Council on the Integration of Women
In Development
(Majlis Penasihat Kebangsaan mengenai Integrasi Wanita
dalam Pembangunan)

NAFTA = North American Free Trade Agreement
(Perjanjian Perdagangan Bebas Amerika Utara)

NALIS = National Land Information System
(Sistem Maklumat Tanah Negara)

NAM = Non-Aligned Movement
(Pergerakan Negara-negara Berkecuali)

NBCT = North Butterworth Container Terminal
(Terminal Kontena Butterworth Utara)

NCS = National Conservation Strategy
(Strategi Pemuliharaan Sumber Asli Negara)

NCWO = National Council for Women's Organizations
(Majlis Kebangsaan Pertubuhan Wanita)

NGO = Non-Governmental Organization
(Pertubuhan Bukan Kerajaan)

NGV = Natural Gas for Vehicles
(Gas Asli Untuk Kenderaan)

NIE = Newly Industrializing Economies
(Negara Perindustrian Baru)

NLDC = National Load Despatch Centre
(Pusat Muatan Beban Kebangsaan)

NOAA = National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOSS = National Occupational Skills Standards
(Piawaian Kebangsaan Mengenai Kemahiran Pekerjaan)

NPC = National Productivity Corporation
(Perbadanan Produktiviti Negara)

NPGS = New Principal Guarantee Scheme
(Skim Jaminan Utama Baru)

NRW = Non-Revenue Water
(Air Tidak Berhasil)

NTHRDC = National Tourism Human Resource Development Council
(Majlis Kebangsaan Pembangunan Sumber Manusia
Dalam Bidang Pelancongan)

NTSS = National Trade Skills Standards
(Piawaian Kebangsaan Mengenai Kemahiran Berasaskan
Ketukangan)

NVTC = National Vocational Training Council
(Majlis Latihan Vokasional Kebangsaan)

NYCC = National Youth Consultation Council
(Majlis Perunding Belia Negara)

ODA = Official Development Assistance
(Bantuan Pembangunan Rasmi)

ODS = Ozone Depleting Substance
(Bahan Menyusut Ozon)
v
OECD = Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development
(Pertubuhan Kerjasama Ekonomi dan Pembangunan)

OIC = Organization of Islamic Conference
(Pertubuhan Persidangan Islam)

P&P = Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan

PABK = Perusahaan Awam Bukan Kewangan

PALMOILIS = Palm Oil Information Online Service
(Perkhidmatan Talian Terus Maklumat Sawit)

PANEL = Panel Memajukan Pentadbiran Awam

PBB = Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu

PBBMT = Pihak Berkuasa Bersama Malaysia-Thailand

PBT = Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan

PC = Personal Computer
(Komputer Peribadi)

PCB = Printed Circuit Board
(Papan Litar Bercetak)

PCN = Personal Communications Network
(Rangkaian Perhubungan Peribadi)

PDS = Private Debt Securities
(Pasaran Sekuriti Hutang Swasta)

PEMADAM = Persatuan Pencegahan Dadah Malaysia

PERLA = Skim Perjanjian Dengan Penyedia Latihan

PERNAS = Perbadanan Nasional

PETRONAS = Petroliam Nasional Berhad

PGU = Peninsular Gas Utilization
(Penggunaan Gas Semenanjung)

PIA = Promotion of Investment Act
(Akta Penggalakan Pelaburan)

PIP = Pelan Induk Penswastaan

PKEN = Perbadanan Kemajuan Ekonomi Negeri

PKPA = Pekeliling Kemajuan Pentadbiran Awam

PKPKR = Program Khas Perumahan Kos Rendah

PKPN = Perbadanan Kemajuan Pertanian Negeri

PKS = Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana

PKTM = Program Kerjasama Teknik Malaysia

PLT = Skim Pelan Latihan Tahunan

PMR = Penilaian Menengah Rendah

PNB = Permodalan Nasional Berhad

PNSL = Perbadanan Nasional Shipping Line Berhad

POCPA = Palm Oil Credit and Payment Arrangement
(Tatacara Kredit dan Pembayaran Minyak Sawit)

PORIM = Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia
(Institut Penyelidikan Minyak Kelapa Sawit Malaysia)

PPD = Pusat Pertumbuhan Desa

PPO = Processed Palm Oil
(Minyak Sawit Diproses)

PPRT = Program Pembangunan Rakyat Termiskin

PROLUS = Skim Program Yang Diluluskan

PROTON = Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional Berhad

PSC = Production Sharing Contract
(Kontrak Perkongsian Pengeluaran)

PSN = Public Services Network
(Rangkaian Perkhidmatan Awam)

PSN = Pusat Sains Negara

PTP = Pelan Tindakan Penswastaan

PTPK = Pelan Tindakan Bagi Pemakanan Kebangsaan

PUNB = Perbadanan Usahawan Nasional Berhad

RAM = Rating Agency Malaysia Berhad

RCC = Regional Control Centres
(Pusat Kawalan Wilayah)

RiLL = Radio in Local Loop
(Radio dalam Lingkaran Tempatan)

RISDA = Rubber Industry Smallholder Development Authority
(Pihak Berkuasa Kemajuan Pekebun Kecil
Perusahaan Getah)

RM = Ringgit Malaysia

RME = Rancangan Malaysia Keenam

RML = Rancangan Malaysia Kelima

RMT = Rancangan Malaysia Ketujuh

ROE = Return on Equity
(Pulangan Ke atas Ekuiti)

RRIM = Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia
(Institut Penyelidikan Getah Malaysia)

RRJP2 = Rangka Rancangan Jangka Panjang Kedua

S&T = Sains dan Teknologi

SAGA = Standard Accounting System For Government Agencies
(Sistem Perakaunan Yang Standard Untuk Agensi-agensi
Kerajaan)

SALCRA = Sarawak Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Authority
(Lembaga Penyatuan dan Pemulihan Tanah Sarawak)

SBL = Skim Bantuan Latihan

SC = Securities Commission
(Suruhanjaya Sekuriti)

SDC = Skill Development Centre
(Pusat Pembangunan Kemahiran)

SEDC = State Economic Development Corporation
(Perbadanan Kemajuan Ekonomi Negeri)

SESCO = Sarawak Electricity Supply Corporation
(Perbadanan Pembekalan Letrik Sarawak)

SETIA = System EPU, Treasury, ICU and AG
(Sistem Unit Perancang Ekonomi, Perbendaharaan, Unit
Penyelarasan Pelaksanaan dan Akauntan Negara)

SIAP = Sistem Penjadualan Yang Bersepadu

SFF = Ship Financing Facility
(Kemudahan Pembiayaan Kapal)

SIRIM = Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia
(Institut Standard dan Penyelidikan Perindustrian Malaysia)

SITTDEC = South Investment, Trade and Technology Data Exchange
Centre
(Pusat Pertukaran Data Pelaburan, Perdagangan dan Teknologi Negara-negara Selatan)

SKM = Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia

SLMA = Soft Loan for Modernization and Automation
(Pinjaman Mudah untuk Modernisasi dan Automasi)

SMI = Small- and Medium-scale Industry
(Industri Kecil dan Sederhana)

SMIDEC = Small and Medium Scale Industries Development
Corporation
(Perbadanan Pembangunan Industri Kecil dan Sederhana)

SMT = Sekolah Menengah Teknik

SMV = Sekolah Menengah Vokasional

SOCSO = Social Security Organization
(Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial)

SPM = Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia

SPMV = Sijil Pelajaran Menengah Vokasional

SPTF = Skim Perbankan Tanpa Faedah

SSB = Sistem Saraan Baru

SUKMA = Sukan Malaysia

SUKOM = Sukan Komanwel

SVF = Shipping Venture Facility
(Kemudahan Usaha Niaga Perkapalan)

TAMS = Total Airport Management System
(Sistem Pengurusan Menyeluruh Lapangan Terbang)

TEU = Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit
(Unit Yang Bersamaan Dengan Dua Puluh Kaki)

TFP = Total Factor Productivity
(Produktiviti Faktor Keseluruhan)

TMB = Telekom Malaysia Berhad

TMM = Tahun Melawat Malaysia

TNB = Tenaga Nasional Berhad

TOE = Tonnes of Oil Equivalent
(Bersamaan Satu Tan Metrik Minyak)

TPM = Technology Park Malaysia
(Taman Teknologi Malaysia)

TPP = Tabung Penyelarasan Perindustrian

TPPPK = Tabung Pinjaman Penjaja dan Peniaga Kecil

TPSM = Tabung Pembangunan Sumber Manusia

TQM = Total Quality Management
(Pengurusan Kualiti Menyeluruh)

TRIP = Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
(Perjanjian Perdagangan Mengenai Hak Harta Intelek)

TTM = Taman Teknologi Malaysia

TV3 = Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad

UDA = Urban Development Authority
(Perbadanan Pembangunan Bandar)

UIA = Universiti Islam Antarabangsa

UKM = Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

ULC = Unit Labour Costs
(Kos Buruh Seunit)

ULG = Unleaded Gasoline
(Petrol Tanpa Plumbum)

UMS = Universiti Malaysia Sabah

UNCED = United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development
(Persidangan Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu)

UNCTAD = United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
(Persidangan Perdagangan dan Pembangunan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu)

UNDP = United Nations Development Programme
(Program Pembangunan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu)

UNIMAS = Universiti Malaysia Sarawak

UPM = Universiti Pertanian Malaysia

UPP = Unit Penyelarasan Pelaksanaan

UPSR = Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah

UPTM = Unit Pemodenan Tadbiran Malaysia

USM = Universiti Sains Malaysia

UUM = Universiti Utara Malaysia

VCC = Venture Capital Companies
(Syarikat Modal Usaha Niaga)

VLSI = Very Large-Scale Integrated Circuit
(Litar Bersepadu Skala Sangat Besar)

VOCATIONS = Vocational Training Information System
(Sistem Maklumat Latihan Vokasional)

VSAT = Very Small Aperture Terminal

WHO = World Health Organization
(Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia)

WIM = Women's Institute of Management
(Institut Pengurusan Wanita)

WQI = Water Quality Index
(Indeks Kualiti Air)

WTO = World Trade Organization
(Pertubuhan Perdagangan Dunia)

YBK = Yayasan Basmi Kemiskinan

YPEIM = Yayasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Islam Malaysia



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